Alanya is seaside resort in the southern Mediterranean coast of Turkey, 135 km east of Antalya. It is located in the area bordered by Taurus Mountains and Mediterranean Sea. Alanya is called the pearl of Turkish Riviera and it has become well-known worldwide mostly because of its sandy and clean beaches, crystal deep blue water and wonderful climate.
Natural beauty, historical attractions have made Alanya popular among tourists, responsible for big part of Turkey´s tourism sector and foreign purchases of properties in Turkey.
The first settlement in Alanya dates back to Paleolithic age, 20 000 years ago. The first historcal name of Alanya was Coracesium, which was mentioned in the 4th century BC and that time it was a reagion under invasion of the Persians. This city became very important center of the Mediterranean pirates and got really strong to resist the Roman navy. In 67 BC its period of piracy finished and it became a part of the Rome after attack by the Roman Commander Magnus Pompelus. The last Queen of Egypt, Cleopatra, met Mark Antony and fell in love. They got married in Coracesium in 32 BC and Mark Antony gave this town to Cleopatra as a wedding gift.
The city changed the name to Kalonoros (“beautiful mountain”) under the Byzantine Empire. The city resisted the Arabian raids in the 7th century by strengthening the walls. One of the lords of Latin Empire that conquered Istanbul in 1204 took the control of Kalonoros. In 1221, the Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Kayqubad seized the control of the city and had it reconstructed. The city could be considered as a winter capital of the empire. Kayqubad built different project, including city walls, arsenal, twin citadel, Kizil Kule, gardens and pavilions outside the walls and a lot of his work can still be seen in the city. He gave to the city the name Alaiye.
This city had the most brilliant era during the reign of Sultan Alaeddin Kayqubad and after the collapse of the Seljuk State in 1293 it began to be controlled by Karamanids dynasty. They made Alaiye a part of Memluk State in Egypt in 1427 and in 1472 the past of Ottoman Empire by Gedik Ahmet Pasha. Ottomans designated this city as a part of newly conquered province of Cyprus in 1571. In 1864 it was under Konya and later part of Antalya and in 1871 an official administrative part of Antalya.
After World War I, Alanya was partitioned to Italy by agreement in 1917 and in 1923 it returned to Turkish Republic. The city was given the name Alanya with the suggestion of the founder of Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1935. It got its name by mistake of a radio officer that translated the Morse symbols for „Alaiye“ wrongly into „Alanya“. Atatürk enjoyed the sound of it that much that the mayor decided to call the city Alanya.
Alanya was an agricultural city with citrus fruits and bananas in the first half of the 20th century and it became a center of national tourism in the 1960s for alleged healing properties of Damlatas Cave. Today, Alanya is one of the biggest tourist centers of the Mediterranean. Alanya has lots of option for accommodation, facilities, places for entertainment and shopping and certified Blue Flag beaches.
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